Bash While Loops

In Bash, the while loop repeatedly executes a block of code as long as a condition is true. It is commonly used when the number of iterations is not known in advance. Here’s the basic syntax of a while loop in Bash:

while [ condition ]; do
    # Code to execute

The loop continues executing the code block as long as the condition remains true. Once the condition becomes false, the loop terminates, and the program execution continues with the next statement after the loop.

Here’s an example that demonstrates the usage of a while loop in Bash:



while [ $count -le 5 ]; do
    echo "Count: $count"

In this example, the while loop starts with an initial value of count set to 1. The condition [ $count -le 5 ] checks if the value of count is less than or equal to 5. As long as this condition is true, the loop executes the code block, which consists of printing the value of count and incrementing it by 1 using ((count++)).

When you run this script, it will output:

Count: 1
Count: 2
Count: 3
Count: 4
Count: 5

The loop iterates five times, printing the value of count from 1 to 5.

You can modify the condition inside the while loop to suit your specific needs. It can involve comparisons, logical operators, or checks against variables, allowing you to control the loop based on your requirements.

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