Bash break

In Bash, the break statement is used to exit or terminate a loop prematurely. It is commonly used when you want to stop the execution of a loop based on a certain condition. Here’s an example that demonstrates the usage of the break statement in a for loop:


for number in {1..10}; do
    if [ $number -eq 6 ]; then
    echo "Number: $number"

In this example, the for loop iterates over the numbers from 1 to 10. Inside the loop, there is an if statement that checks if the value of number is equal to 6. If the condition is true, the break statement is executed, and the loop is terminated. This means that the loop will stop iterating once it reaches the number 6.

When you run this script, it will output:

Number: 1
Number: 2
Number: 3
Number: 4
Number: 5

The loop iterates through the numbers 1 to 5, but when it reaches 6, the break statement is encountered, and the loop terminates.

The break statement can be used in while and until loops as well. It provides a way to control the flow of your loop based on certain conditions. When the break statement is executed, the control transfers to the first line of code immediately following the loop.

Note that if you have nested loops, the break statement will only exit the innermost loop. If you want to break out of multiple nested loops, you can use labels and the break statement with the label to specify which loop to exit.

Overall, the break statement gives you the flexibility to terminate a loop prematurely based on a specific condition, allowing you to control the flow of your script.

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