Anonymous functions in bash

In Bash, anonymous functions, also known as inline functions or lambda functions, can be defined using the syntax of command substitutions. Command substitutions allow you to embed the output of a command or a sequence of commands within another command or assign it to a variable. By using this feature, you can create anonymous functions on the fly. Here’s an example:


# Anonymous function
result=$(function() {
    echo "This is an anonymous function."
    echo "Arguments: $@"
    echo "Performing some tasks..."
    # ...

# Calling the anonymous function
echo "$result"

In this example, an anonymous function is defined within the command substitution syntax $(...). The function body consists of a series of commands enclosed in curly braces {}. Inside the function, you can perform any tasks or actions you desire. In this case, the function echoes a message indicating that it is an anonymous function and displays the arguments passed to it.

The anonymous function is then invoked by capturing its output in the result variable using command substitution. Finally, the value of result is printed, which will display the output of the anonymous function.

When you execute this script, it will output:

This is an anonymous function.
Performing some tasks...

The output reflects the behavior defined within the anonymous function.

Anonymous functions are particularly useful when you need to perform a specific task within a limited scope and don’t require the function to be reusable or accessible from other parts of the script. They allow you to define and execute code blocks inline, providing flexibility and convenience in certain scenarios.

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